Apart from making us look old and dull, drooping eyelids can also cause vision problems. Excess skin and fat pads around the eyes, particularly on the upper and lower lids, is a common problem faced by many all over the world. It causes the upper eyelids to sag, often interfering with peripheral vision, while the lower lids tend to become extremely puffy.
Needless to say, these really affect our appearances negatively, with some patients even suffering from vision problems as mentioned before. Fortunately, there is an effective procedure that can treat such problems – blepharoplasty.
Blepharoplasty, commonly known as eyelid surgery, is a surgical procedure that is aimed at correcting eyelid anomalies such as drooping skin and excess fat pads both on the upper and lower eyelids. After the procedure, the patient will have brighter eyes that create a more alert, youthful appearance.
As we age, the muscles that support our eyelids grow weak as a result of the eyelids stretching, and this causes the skin around our eyes to droop, and bags to form on the lower eyelids. Depending on the severity of the patient’s condition, blepharoplasty can either completely eliminate or effectively reduce such problems.
Blepharoplasty is usually an outpatient procedure, which means that you don’t have to stay overnight at the hospital. First, the surgeon will administer an injection to numb the eyelids. If both upper and lower lids are to be treated, the surgeon will work on the upper lids first.
Through a small incision at the fold of the lid, any excess skin and fat are removed. The underlying muscles are also treated to strengthen them and then the incision will be closed. Sometimes, these excess tissues may be transferred in some other areas around the eye.
In case of extreme upper lid sagging, where the lid droops down close to the pupil, the surgeon may combine blepharoplasty along with another procedure to provide extra support to your eyelid muscles.
For the lower lid, an incision is made either inside the lid or right below the lower lash line, along the natural crease of the eye. Lower lid blepharoplasty usually involves removing excess fats and skin which form eye bags on the lower lids.
Slight swelling, light sensitivity and watering eyes are common after the surgery and to be expected. These will go away completely in a week or two. You will not be able to wear contact lenses for two weeks post-surgery, so make sure you have eyeglasses as an alternative.
Your doctor may suggest that you use ice packs and cold compresses to help reduce the swelling and to treat any discomfort you may experience. Make sure that you wear sunglasses when going out until you heal completely.
The best candidates for the surgery have:
• Drooping eyelids that either affect your appearance or your vision, or both.
• Bags under your eyes that give you a puffy appearance.
• Realistic expectations from the procedure.
You will have to be in good general health and be ready to follow your doctor’s instructions before undergoing a surgery such as this one.